224 cm x 144 cm
Geometric Old Ghashgai, dark red with border and tree of life
|Place of origin|
|Size||224 cm x 144 cm (= 3.23 qm)|
|Material||Flor: wool (handspun, natural color)|
Weft & Warp: wool
|Year of manufacture||1940|
|Coloring||dark red, beige|
Place of origin
The Ghashghai are prominent Persian nomadic people, who have been living in the south of Iran, in the province of Fars for centuries. They consist of a total of seven tribes. The most important tribe of the Ghashghai, at least with respect to rug production, is the Kashghuli (also Kashguli, Qashguli). Old and antique rugs of the Ghashghai are sought-after collector's items today. Ghashghai rugs are known as King among Persian nomadic rugs.
Most Ghashgai rugs are decorated with the so-called geometric Heibathlou design, a diamond-shaped central field with a rather plain medallion repeated in the corners. The inner field is filled with an unusually large number of ornaments. The motifs range from stars, lions, camels, trees and flowers, to boteh or paisley symbols. The motifs are partly stylized and partly realistic. The repeating motifs are never completely identical. They differ considerably in color scheme. The arrangement of symbols is rarely symmetrical. The longitudinal symmetry is often disregarded. Individual elements in the borders also vary in color. Small rows of boxes at the ends of the rugs are typical. The variance in the design is due to the fact that the Ghashgai had no knotting patterns and all rugs were knotted from memory and covered in interesting motifs.
Nowadays, most of the Ghashghai are settled. Because they are now mainly settled-down, the Ghashghai can also produce large-sized rugs. The few clans still living as nomads move up to the summer pastures in the Zagros Mountains twice a year. In autumn, they return to the regions with milder winter in the valley. The Ghashghai have the reputation of being very proud, hard-working and honorable. Even though the Ghashghai appear less wild and warlike today, they still have an influence on the Iranian domestic politics that should not be underestimated. This old Ghashgai is more than 40 years old and a true collector's item.
This Ghashgai is adorned with an impressive tree of life. The tree of life motif has been a popular motif in oriental rugs, pottery and other decorative objects for centuries. Since the symbol occurs in many different cultures around the world, its exact origin is unclear. According to the most popular opinion, it originates from ancient Mesopotamia. The characteristics of the tree have changed over the centuries. The importance attributed to the tree of life today is always a little different in different cultures and religions of the world. Almost all of them, however, attribute sacred characteristics to the Tree of Life.
In the world of yoga, it represents one of its outstanding spiritual symbols, rooting us in the ground and connecting us to the sky. The tree of life connects all forms of life with Mother Earth and the universe.
The background of this Ghashgai is dark red. The border features light brown and dark brown.
You are not the first to appreciate this Ghashgai. It has had owners before you who have cherished and used it. It was hand knotted about 1940. We have cleaned it thoroughly and restored it lovingly. Therefore it is in very good condition despite its age.
The technique used to produce the materials of the pile of this Ghashgai is over 200 years old. The wool is dyed with natural colors and spun by hand. Dyeing with natural or vegetable dyes is more complicated, expensive and time-consuming than dyeing with chemical dyes. For a bright red, for example, you would need about one kilogram of ground madder root per kilogram of wool as dye. For a strong, not too pale yellow, you would need two kilograms of the dye madder per kilogram of wool. Also spinning wool is time-consuming and labor-intensive. In addition, fewer and fewer people are able to hand spin wool.
But the effort is worth it: By dyeing with natural dyes, the high-quality wool retains its natural fat content. Wool dyed with natural colors and spun by hand creates fascinating, iridescent patterns. The charm of hand-spun wool with its slight irregularities and natural hues unfolds as a contrasting element in modern interiors, but also in rooms that are furnished in a more traditional or country house style. The backing (weft and warp threads) of this Ghashgai is made of virgin wool.