85 cm x 60 cm
Geometric Old Ghashgai, dark blue with diamonds and stripes
|Place of origin|
|Size||85 cm x 60 cm (= 0.51 qm)|
|Material||Flor: goat wool (hand-spun, natural dyes)|
Weft & Warp: goat's wool
Place of origin
The Ghashghai are prominent Persian nomadic people, who have been living in the south of Iran, in the province of Fars for centuries. They consist of a total of seven tribes. The most important tribe of the Ghashghai, at least with respect to rug production, is the Kashghuli (also Kashguli, Qashguli). Old and antique rugs of the Ghashghai are sought-after collector's items today. Ghashghai rugs are known as King among Persian nomadic rugs.
Most Ghashgai rugs are decorated with the so-called geometric Heibathlou design, a diamond-shaped central field with a rather plain medallion repeated in the corners. The inner field is filled with an unusually large number of ornaments. The motifs range from stars, lions, camels, trees and flowers, to boteh or paisley symbols. The motifs are partly stylized and partly realistic. The repeating motifs are never completely identical. They differ considerably in color scheme. The arrangement of symbols is rarely symmetrical. The longitudinal symmetry is often disregarded. Individual elements in the borders also vary in color. Small rows of boxes at the ends of the rugs are typical. The variance in the design is due to the fact that the Ghashgai had no knotting patterns and all rugs were knotted from memory and covered in interesting motifs.
Nowadays, most of the Ghashghai are settled. Because they are now mainly settled-down, the Ghashghai can also produce large-sized rugs. The few clans still living as nomads move up to the summer pastures in the Zagros Mountains twice a year. In autumn, they return to the regions with milder winter in the valley. The Ghashghai have the reputation of being very proud, hard-working and honorable. Even though the Ghashghai appear less wild and warlike today, they still have an influence on the Iranian domestic politics that should not be underestimated. This old Ghashgai is more than 40 years old and a true collector's item.
The abstract, geometric composition creates the simple elegance of this Ghashgai. The pattern flatters the design of the room and does not take the attention away from its furniture, decoration and architectural elements. It creates a pleasant atmosphere without dominating the style of the room.
The repeating elements in the center field of this Ghashgai rug have no specific center (so-called repeating pattern). The repeating pattern has a calming but not boring effect. Rugs with repeating patterns are also called patterned.
In the pattern of this Ghashgai, the diamonds stand out in particular. Diamonds are a rhombus standing on a point, the four equal sides of which may be jagged, stitched or hooked. The diamond is one of the oldest basic forms in oriental rugs. It has a symbolic meaning in the Islamic world: it symbolizes the immortality of the soul. It is therefore very often found as a filler motif.
The straight stripes of this Ghashgai organize and structure the pattern.
br /> The background of this Ghashgai is dark blue. The border features dark blue, beige and rusty red.
The pile of this Ghashgai is made from high quality goat wool. The rather coarse-grained goat's wool is very greasy and therefore durable and impervious to soiling. In contrast to the sheep, the hair coat of the goats, with the exception of the cashmere goat, has undergone few breeding changes for wool use.
The goat's wool has been spun by hand and dyed with natural dyes. The backing (weft and warp threads) of this Ghashgai is made of goat wool.