Indian Beni Ourain
248 cm x 174 cm
Geometric Indian Beni Ourain, off white
|Place of origin|
|Size||248 cm x 174 cm (= 4.32 qm)|
Weft & Warp: wool
|Coloring||off white, black|
Place of origin
The pattern of this rug is inspired by the pattern of classic Beni Ourain. However, this rug was knotted in India.
The exact time of the emergence of Indian rug production is unknown. Probably the first Indian rugs were made at the time of the cultural boom in the Mughal dynasty, in the mid-16th century. In the mid-19th century, with the decline of the Mughal dynasty, Indian rug production fell into a crisis. European companies, whose sole aim was to export to the West, replaced traditional court manufactories. Very similar rugs were produced in different towns and a standardization was sparked. The designs of hand-knotted Indian rugs today can hardly be attributed to individual regions. Rather, workshops have specialized in the implementation of European and traditional Iranian designs adapted to Western tastes. In terms of quality, rugs from India benefit from a long tradition of craftsmanship and high quality Indian materials. Beni Ourain is a Berber tribe from the Atlas Mountains. Ancient rug manufacturing had already begun in the 7th century among this north African Berber tribe, which settled in Morocco. As half-nomads, the Beni Ourain are primarily shepherds, who used to keep their cattle high in the mountains and to move with their herds from one pastureland to another.
For several centuries now, the women of the Beni Ourain tribe have been knotting exquisite woolen rugs, which are characterized by tribal rites and naive-looking symbolism. The Berber tribe still exists today and lives in the Atlas Mountains, where old knotting techniques are preserved and passed on from mother to daughter. The traditional pattern of Beni Ouarain rugs consists of mainly geometric black or brown lines, which create abstract and diamond-shaped forms on a cream or whitish background. Designers such as Alvar Aalto, Le Corbusier, Charles and Ray Eames, Frank Lloyd Wright, Marcel Breuer and Arne Jacobsen appreciated the naive and clear design of the high-floor Moroccan nomadic rugs.
The abstract, geometric composition creates the simple elegance of this Beni Ourain. The pattern flatters the design of the room and does not take the attention away from its furniture, decoration and architectural elements. It creates a pleasant atmosphere without dominating the style of the room.
The repeating elements in the center field of this Beni Ourain rug have no specific center (so-called repeating pattern). The repeating pattern has a calming but not boring effect. Rugs with repeating patterns are also called patterned.
The clear, abstract design of this contemporary rug appeals especially to people who love simple, modern interior design and architecture. The design idea for this rug comes from Europe. Without being bound to the rules of traditional rug patterns, it was developed with western art and interior design style in mind. This is not a completely new innovation. The roots of European rug design can be traced back to Art Deco rugs, which were produced between the late twenties and fifties following Western specifications.
The background of this Beni Ourain is off white.
The hand-spun wool dyed with natural dyes of the pile of this Beni Ourain rug creates fascinating, iridescent patterns. Beni Ourain rugs are hand knotted and last a lifetime. Nevertheless, the rugs are unusually soft and fluffy due to their long pile. Berber rugs almost feel like a soft blanket that you would like to take to bed with you. The backing (weft and warp threads) of this Beni Ourain is made of virgin wool.