248 cm x 200 cm
Floral Kashmar, light green with border and Medaillon
|Place of origin|
|Size||248 cm x 200 cm (= 4.96 qm)|
|Material||Flor: wool with mercerized cotton|
Weft & Warp: cotton
|Coloring||light green, beige|
Place of origin
The city of Kashmar is located in east Persia in the province of Khorasan and is the capital of the administrative district of the same name. It was originally called Torshiz and was renamed Kashmar in the times of Shah Reza. Sometimes the Kashmar rugs are therefore also sold under their old name as Torshiz.
Until a good twenty years ago, the Herati pattern was predominantly woven here, which was then adopted mainly by the not distant provenances (origin, provenance) Moud and Birjand. Today the so-called Sirchaki pattern is more dominant. The Sirchaki pattern reproduces excavated antiques such as vases, weapons, jugs, bowls, etc. mostly on a blue or beige background. The arrangement is almost exclusively four-way symmetrical with a central medallion, occasionally decorated with a small picture. Everything is framed by a very pronounced main border. The medallions are sometimes asymmetrical and depict landscapes.
More recently, however, rugs with the Nain pattern and color combinations of beige and blue, typical of the region, have been knotted in Kashmar. These Kashmar Nains can be recognized from their high shearing. Kashmar rugs have a rather thick knot density, appear somewhat coarse-grained and the pile is relatively tall.
The luxuriant flower motifs of this Kashmar are elegant and varied. The graceful vegetative symbols representing flowers, leaves and branches are artfully intertwined.
The embellished edging (border) forms a beautiful contrast to the center and creates a transition at the edge of the rug.
In the middle of the central field of this Kashmar is the symmetrical center, also called medallion. The design of the field is arranged in such a way that it gives the impression that the medallion is floating on the field.
The background of this Kashmar is light green. The border is beige. The dark blue center combines the colors beige and light blue.
The pile of this Kashmar has been hand-knotted from high-quality virgin wool. Individual pattern details were also highlighted with the sheen of mercerized cotton.
Virgin wool is obtained from the shearing of live sheep. Virgin wool is a sustainable natural raw material with a number of impressive properties; due to the wool's natural fat content, the surface repels water droplets and is thus naturally protected against dirt. Wool also offers excellent thermal insulation, has a regulating effect on indoor climate and muffles sound.
Cotton is made up of shiny fibers that are filled with cell sap. When this dries after harvesting, the surface of the fibre warps and loses its shine because of the resulting refraction of light. In the middle of the 19th century, John Mercer invented the mercerization process. In the course of mercerization, cotton is given a new, higher quality fiber structure by being subjected to tensile stress in cold concentrated caustic soda solution. Mercerized cotton has shortened fibers with a round cross-section. The finished fabric does not shrink and has a high dimensional stability. Due to the changed refraction of light, it gains a silky sheen. Also, mercerized cotton absorbs color more easily and is much more tear-resistant than the original material. Since mercerization is complex and expensive, only high-quality cotton fibers undergo this refinement. Because of the silky sheen of the yarn, mercerized cotton is often referred to as "artificial silk", just like viscose. However, the colloquial term "artificial silk" is not permitted under the Textile Labelling Act TKG. The weft and warp threads of this Kashmar are made of cotton. This versatile material is tear-resistant and stretchable and, therefore, ideal for a durable backing fabric.