350 cm x 250 cm
Floral Nain, dark red with border and Medaillon
|Place of origin|
|Size||350 cm x 250 cm (= 8.75 qm)|
|Material||Flor: wool with mercerized cotton|
Weft & Warp: cotton
|Coloring||dark red, light blue|
Place of origin
Nain is one of the best known rug provenances (origin, source) of Iran. The city of Nain is located to the northwest of Isfahan and has an old weaving tradition. Prior to the Qajar dynasty (1794 - 1925), the highest quality robes for noblemen, so-called Abas, were made there. Under the influence of the western culture, the traditional robe as clothing was replaced by suits. The weavers transformed their business and began to knot rugs.
Today's Nain rugs owe their unmistakable patterns and color combinations especially to Master Hadj Fatollah Habibian Naiini. He limited himself to less than ten colors in knotting and thus laid the foundation for the color composition of Nain rugs, that are still very popular today. The basic colors are mostly white or beige and blue up to this day, although Nain rugs in the colors red, green and yellow are also becoming more and more common. Floral patterns, whose contours are accented with silk, are typical. Due to their simple elegance, Nain rugs also suit modern interiors.
What differentiates Nain rugs are the four quality levels, indicated by Lah ( Persian for layer). Lah describes the number of threads the warp is twined from. As the number of threads used increases, the warp and thus the knots become thicker and the density of the knots decreases.
The luxuriant flower motifs of this Nain are elegant and varied. The graceful vegetative symbols representing flowers, leaves and branches are artfully intertwined.
The edge of the rug is decorated with an edging (border). The border forms a glorious contrast to the center.
In the middle of the central field of this Nain is the symmetrical center, also called medallion. The design of the field is arranged in such a way that it gives the impression that the medallion is floating on the field.
The background of this Nain is dark red. The border features light blue and off white. The light blue center combines the colors off white and dark blue.
The pile of this Nain has been hand-knotted from high-quality virgin wool. Individual pattern details were also highlighted with the sheen of mercerized cotton.
Virgin wool is obtained from the shearing of live sheep. Virgin wool is a sustainable natural raw material with a number of impressive properties; due to the wool's natural fat content, the surface repels water droplets and is thus naturally protected against dirt. Wool also offers excellent thermal insulation, has a regulating effect on indoor climate and muffles sound.
Cotton is made up of shiny fibers that are filled with cell sap. When this dries after harvesting, the surface of the fibre warps and loses its shine because of the resulting refraction of light. In the middle of the 19th century, John Mercer invented the mercerization process. In the course of mercerization, cotton is given a new, higher quality fiber structure by being subjected to tensile stress in cold concentrated caustic soda solution. Mercerized cotton has shortened fibers with a round cross-section. The finished fabric does not shrink and has a high dimensional stability. Due to the changed refraction of light, it gains a silky sheen. Also, mercerized cotton absorbs color more easily and is much more tear-resistant than the original material. Since mercerization is complex and expensive, only high-quality cotton fibers undergo this refinement. Because of the silky sheen of the yarn, mercerized cotton is often referred to as "artificial silk", just like viscose. However, the colloquial term "artificial silk" is not permitted under the Textile Labelling Act TKG. The weft and warp threads of this Nain are made of cotton. This versatile material is tear-resistant and stretchable and, therefore, ideal for a durable backing fabric.