378 cm x 274 cm
Floral Chinese Aubusson, dark red with border and Medaillon
|Place of origin|
|Size||378 cm x 274 cm (= 10.36 qm)|
|Material||Weft (tuft): wool|
|Coloring||dark red, beige|
Place of origin
The pattern of this rug is inspired by the pattern of a classic Aubusson. However, this rug has been knotted in China. Aubusson is a French community in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in the Département Creuse. Aubusson is world-famous for its rug and tapestry factories. Woven French rugs are also called Savonnerie rugs , after the most famous rug manufacturer in France. The name Savonnerie is derived from the place of production, an old soap factory. The color scheme is adapted to the fashion of the upper middle classes of the 18th century and designed for impressive representative rooms. The design elements are part of a spatial concept: the stucco, the furniture, its upholstery and the floor were often designed accordingly. The medallion decorated with tendrils and the equally decorated corners have a strong architectural structure. In Aubusson, rugs were made in the style of the Savonnerie manufactory, but were often of a slightly lower quality and knotting density than the Savonnerie rugs. However, some weavers of the Aubusson manufactories had such a good reputation that they received orders from the French royal court.
Very few people think of France, when it comes to the classic origin countries of rugs. However, for centuries traditional rugs have been made in France. Gobelin rugs have been produced in France since 1607 and as early as in the year 1627 the cloth manufacturers in Aubusson were granted the privilege by Louis XIII to produce rugs with the "façon de Turquie" seal.
The Aubusson rugs are distinct from the tapestry and Gobelin rugs. This is confusing and often done incorrectly, as tapestry is the French word for rug. Strictly speaking, however, in Germany we understand tapestry rugs to mean only hand-woven or hand-made fabrics that have a motif (so-called pictorial rugs).
The embellished edging (border) forms a excellent contrast to the center and creates a transition at the edge of the rug.
The luxuriant flower motifs of this Aubusson are elegant and varied. The graceful vegetative symbols representing flowers, leaves and branches are artfully intertwined.
In the middle of the central field of this Aubusson is the symmetrical center, also called medallion. The design of the field is arranged in such a way that it gives the impression that the medallion is floating on the field.
The background of this Aubusson is dark red. The border features yellow beige and light brown. The olive green center combines the colors beige and light red.
Chinese rugs are hand knotted from silky shiny wool. For the production of high quality Chinese rugs the coat of the Tibetan goat is used. The knot density is, as is typical in Chinese rugs, relatively low and the pile is shorn long.
Wool is obtained through the gentle shearing of sheep. Virgin wool is a sustainable, natural raw material with a number of impressive properties: Due to wool's natural fat content, the surface repels water droplets and is thus naturally impervious to dirt. Wool also offers excellent thermal insulation, has a regulating effect on the indoor climate and muffles sound.